Suppression of Polarization Switching in Birefringent Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers
Influence of birefringence on the multimode operation of antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide (ARROW) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) is analyzed. It can be shown that polarization switching is mainly due to thermal lensing effects. Hence, a new design rule is proposed to optimize the dimensions of ARROW for the suppression of polarization switching. Using the optimized design, the maximum single-polarization output power of VCSELs can be tripled. In addition, it is shown that the performance of the optimized ARROW VCSELs will not be deteriorated by the uncertainty of birefringence.
Birefringence, Design optimization, Optical polarization, Optical surface waves, Optical waveguides, Surface emitting lasers, Surface waves, Thermal lensing, Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, Waveguide lasers
IEEE Photonic Technology Letters
Chen, NS; Yu, SF; and TEE, Chyng Wen.
Suppression of Polarization Switching in Birefringent Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers. (2004). IEEE Photonic Technology Letters. 16, (3), 711-713. Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business.
Available at: https://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/lkcsb_research/3329