Publication Type

Journal Article

Version

Postprint

Publication Date

6-2000

Abstract

The present study investigated how reports of satisfaction with specific versus global domains can be used to assess a disposition towards positivity in subjective well-being reports. College students from 41 societies (N = 7167) completed measures of life satisfaction and ratings of global and specific aspects of their lives. For example, participants rated satisfaction with their education (global) and satisfaction with their professors, textbooks, and lectures (specific). It was hypothesized that global measures would more strongly reflect individual differences in dispositional positivity, that is, a propensity to evaluate aspects of life in general as good. At both the individual and national levels, positivity predicted life satisfaction beyond objective measures. Also, positivity was associated with norms about ideal life satisfaction such that countries and individuals who highly valued positive emotions were more likely to display positivity. The difference between more global versus more concrete measures of satisfaction can be used as an indirect and subtle measure of positivity.

Keywords

life satisfaction, positivity, happiness, subjective well-being, culture, positive affect, norms

Discipline

Multicultural Psychology | Psychology | Social Psychology

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Journal of Happiness Studies

Volume

1

Issue

2

First Page

159

Last Page

176

ISSN

1389-4978

Identifier

10.1023/A:1010031813405

Publisher

Springer Verlag

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010031813405

Share

COinS