This study examined cross-situational consistency of affective experiences using an experience-sampling method in Japan, India, and the United States. Participants recorded their moods and situations when signaled at random moments for 7 days. The authors examined relative (interindividual) consistency and absolute (within-person) consistency. They found stable interindividual differences of affective experiences across various situations (mean r = .52 for positive affect .51 for negative affect) and cultural invariance of the cross-situational consistency of affective experiences. Simultaneously, the authors found a considerable degree of within-person cross-situational variation in affective experiences, and cultural differences in within-person cross-situational consistency. Thus, global affective traits exist among non-Western samples, but the degree to which situations exert an influence on the absolute level of affective experience varies across cultures.
affective experiences, interindividual consistency, Japan, cultural differences
Multicultural Psychology | Personality and Social Contexts | Social Psychology
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
American Psychological Association
OISHI, Shigehiro, DIENER, Ed, SCOLLON, Christie N., & Biswas-DIENER, Robert.(2004). Cross-Situational Consistency of Affective Experiences across Cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86(3), 460-472.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/926