Title

Variations in multicultural experience: Socio-cognitive processes and bicultural identity integration

Publication Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

7-2014

Abstract

This chapter provides a comprehensive framework that integrates research on the socio-cognitive processes and outcomes of biculturalism. First, this chapter offers an overview of the psychology of multiculturalism, including early definitions and typologies of multicultural experiences. Second, this chapter examines how Bicultural Identity Integration (BII), the degree to which biculturals perceive their two cultural identities as compatible versus oppositional and fused versus compartmentalized, influences biculturals’ cognitive and motivational processing. Third, a theoretical model called the Integrative Psychological Model of Biculturalism (IPMB) is proposed as a comprehensive framework for understanding the social-cognitive correlates of biculturalism. Specifically, the IPMB examines individual and contextual antecedents of variations in bicultural experience, and how these processes influence self-concept, cultural frame switching, knowledge bridging, cognitive complexity, motivation as well as their psychological, social, and behavioral outcomes. The IPMB has implications beyond biculturals to those managing multiple identities around gender, religion, and profession as well.

Keywords

bicultural, multicultural, bicultural identity integration (BII), integrative psychological model of biculturalism (IPMB), cultural frame switching (CFS)

Discipline

Applied Behavior Analysis | Multicultural Psychology

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

The handbook of multicultural identity: Basic and applied psychological perspectives

Editor

Benet-Martínez, V. & Hong, Y.

First Page

276

Last Page

299

ISBN

9780199796694

Identifier

10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199796694.001.0001

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Additional URL

https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199796694.001.0001

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