This article investigateshow Singaporeans’ creativity is influenced by Kiasu, an indigenous construct corresponding to fear of losing out.We examine the impacts of Kiasu on creativity, both as a personal value and a sharedcultural norm in four studies. Study 1 showed that Singaporeans’ Kiasu value endorsementpredicts lower individual creativity. Study 2 demonstrated that this negativerelationship is mediated by a self-regulatory focus on prevention. Study 3further showed the impacts of Kiasu as a personal value and a cultural norm byfinding a significant three-way interaction effect of Kiasu prime, personalKiasu value endorsement, and need for cognitive closure on participants’creativity. Study 4 addressed the Singaporean paradox and found that Singaporeansexhibit higher creativity when primed with their multi-ethnic culture than undercontrol conditions. However, those who associated Singapore with Kiasu lostthis advantage. These findings support the situated dynamics framework ofcultural influence on behavior such that values, norms, and situational cuesplay a role in producing a cultural pattern of creative performance. Thisresearch also has implications for how to incubate creative performance in Asiancountries.
culture, creativity, Kiasu, need for cognitive closure, prevention focus, Singapore, Singaporean culture
Asian Studies | International and Intercultural Communication | Sociology of Culture
Management and Organization Review
Wiley: 24 months - No Online Open / Cambridge University Press (CUP): HSS Journals - No Cambridge Open
CHENG, Chi-Ying, & HONG, Ying-yi.(2017). Kiasu and creativity in Singapore: An empirical test of the situated dynamics framework. Management and Organization Review, 13(4), 871-894.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/2420
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