Title

Bilingualism confers advantages task switching: Evidence from the Dimensional Change Card Sort Task

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-2017

Abstract

We examined the influence of bilingualism on task switching byinspecting various markers for task-switching costs. English monolinguals andKorean-English bilinguals completed a modified Dimensional Change Card Sorttask based on a nonverbal task-switching paradigm. We found advantages for Korean-Englishbilinguals in terms of smaller single-task (pure-block) switch costs and greaterreactivation benefits than those of English monolinguals.However, bilingual advantages in mixing costs were relatively weak, and the twogroups did not differ on local-switch costs. Notably, when we approximated the cue-based primingeffect in single-task (pure) blocks, we found no evidence that the locusof bilingual advantages intask-switching performance are attributable to a basic cue-priming effect. Taken together, our results suggest that bilingualism is conducive to task switching via facilitationin control processing, including monitoring, inhibitionof proactive interferences, and efficient adaptation to abstract task-setreactivation.

Keywords

Bilingualism, Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS), task switching, local-switch cost, mixing cost, single-task switch cost, reactivation benefit

Discipline

Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Linguistics

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

ISSN

1366-7289

Identifier

10.1017/S136672891700044X

Additional URL

https://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136672891700044X

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