Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

5-2017

Abstract

Using the item-method directed forgetting paradigm (i.e. intentionally forgetting specified information), we examined directed forgetting of facial identity as a function of facial expression and the sex of the expresser and perceiver. Participants were presented with happy and angry male and female faces cued for either forgetting or remembering, and were then asked to recognise previously studied faces from among a series of neutral faces. For each recognised test face, participants also recalled the face’s previously displayed emotional expression. We found that angry faces were more resistant to forgetting than were happy faces. Furthermore, angry expressions on male faces and happy expressions on female faces were recognised and recalled better than vice versa. Signal detection analyses revealed that male faces gave rise to a greater sensitivity than female faces did, and male participants, but not female participants, showed greater sensitivity to male faces than to female faces. Several theoretical implications are discussed.

Keywords

Directed forgetting, facial expression, facial recognition, memory of faces, sex differences

Discipline

Community-Based Research | Place and Environment | Sociology

Research Areas

Sociology

Publication

Journal of Cognitive Psychology

First Page

1

Last Page

11

ISSN

2044-5911

Identifier

10.1080/20445911.2017.1323907

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org./10.1080/20445911.2017.1323907

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