Title

Racial Subgroup Differences in Predictive Validity Perceptions on Personality and Cognitive Ability Tests

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

4-1997

Abstract

The relationships between examinees' racial subgroup membership and their perceptions of the predictive validity of a widely used personality test (NEO Five Factor Inventory; P. T. Costa & R. R. McCrae, 1992) and a widely used cognitive ability test (Wonderlic Personnel Test; E. F. Wonderlic, 1984) were examined. Results from 241 undergraduates showed that Black examinees perceived the cognitive ability test as less valid than White examinees, whereas no significant Black-White difference in predictive validity perceptions was observed on the personality test. Results also indicated a significant but small positive association between performance on the cognitive ability test and predictive validity perceptions of the cognitive ability test. Contrary to predictions, there was little evidence that test performance mediated the relationship between race and predictive validity perceptions on the cognitive ability test. Conversely, predictive validity perceptions did not appear to account for any substantial portion of the racial subgroup differences in test performance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved). (from the journal abstract)

Keywords

perceptions of predictive validity of NEO Five Factor Inventory and Wonderlic Personnel Test, Black vs White college students, cognitive ability, ethnic differences

Discipline

Cognitive Psychology | Personality and Social Contexts

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Journal of Applied Psychology

Volume

82

Issue

2

First Page

311

Last Page

320

ISSN

0021-9010

Identifier

10.1037/0021-9010.82.2.311

Publisher

American Psychological Association

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.82.2.311

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