Title

Understanding Pretest and Posttest Reactions to Cognitive Ability and Personality Tests

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

6-1998

Abstract

To understand the nature of test reactions and their relationship to test performance, the relationships among belief in tests, pretest reactions, test performance, and posttest reactions were modeled for cognitive ability and personality tests. Results from structural equation models that were fitted to responses from 197 undergraduate examinees supported the hypothesized relationships. On the cognitive ability test, pretest reactions affected test performance and mediated the relationship between belief in tests and test performance. Test performance affected posttest reactions even after taking into account the effect of pretest reactions. On the personality test, belief in tests affected pretest and posttest reactions, but the three variables were unrelated to test performance (Conscientiousness scores). Conceptual, methodological, and practical implications of the findings are discussed in the context of research on test reactions and test performance. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved). (from the journal abstract)

Keywords

relations among belief in tests and pretest reactions amd test performance and posttest reactions for cognitive ability and personality tests, college students

Discipline

Personality and Social Contexts

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Journal of Applied Psychology

Volume

83

Issue

3

First Page

471

Last Page

485

ISSN

0021-9010

Identifier

10.1037/0021-9010.83.3.471

Publisher

American Psychological Association

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.83.3.471

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