Parental Employment, School Climate, and Children's Academic and Social Development
Longitudinal data were used to examine the effects of parental employment status and school climate on children's academic and social development. Hierarchical regression, analyses of covariance, and latent growth modeling were used to assess various aspects of change as a function of work status and school climate with family income and education as control variables. Parental employment was associated with positive changes in social and academic progress even after controlling for prior developmental level, climate, and family income although effects were small and complex. School climate had minimal effect on the outcome variables. Income and education were related to various school outcomes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved). (from the journal abstract)
parent employment status and school climate, children's academic and social development, children evaluated yearly in kindergarten through 4th grade, academic achievement, kindergarten students
Journal of Applied Psychology
American Psychological Association
SCHMITT, Neal, SACCO, Joshua M., RAMEY, Sharon, RAMEY, Craig, & CHAN, David.(1999). Parental Employment, School Climate, and Children's Academic and Social Development. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(5), 737-753.
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