Varieties of Developmental States: Three Non-Western Pathways to the Millennium Development Goals
The "developmental state" discourse has opened up fruitful scholarly explorations of alternatives to neoliberal capitalism, but its scope has been somewhat narrow and geographically limited. As a remedy, I propose a broadening of the "developmental state" concept to include three varieties of non-Western states on track to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In these states, political leaders actively developed an initial "comparative advantage" in either (a) human capital; (b) natural capital; or (c) social capital that allowed the state to invest the returns-to-capital into a broader state-led development strategy to satisfy most citizen's basic human needs. I illustrate these three different pathways via the relatively successful experiences of Singapore, Kuwait, and Costa Rica.
developmental state, human capital, Millennium Development Goals, natural capital, social capital, Singapore, Kuwait, Costa Rica, Asia
Asian Studies | Political Science | Politics and Social Change | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration
Journal of Developing Societies
JOSHI, Devin K..(2012). Varieties of Developmental States: Three Non-Western Pathways to the Millennium Development Goals. Journal of Developing Societies, 28(3), 355-378.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/1972