Title

Locus of control, self-efficacy, and the mediating effect of outcome control: Predicting course-level and global outcomes in an academic context.

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

11-2014

Abstract

Background and Objectives. The current study utilizes Skinner's framework to examine the unique contributions of internal locus of control, self-efficacy, and perceived outcome control over course performance on students' academic experiences. Method.Undergraduate students (N = 225) took part in a longitudinal study and completed two surveys (Time 1: just before their mid-term exams; Time 2: just before their final exam in the same semester). Results. Both locus of control and self-efficacy at Time 1 predicted course-level perceived control over course performance at Time 2. Student-level perceived control over course performance at Time 2 mediated the relationship between self-efficacy at Time 1 and course-level perseverance, course-specific stress, and course enjoyment at Time 2. For global perceived stress and life satisfaction measured at Time 2, both locus of control and self-efficacy at Time 1 had only a direct effect on global perceived stress at Time 2, but only self-efficacy at Time 1 predicted life satisfaction at Time 2. Conclusion. Both locus of control and self-efficacy uniquely contribute to students' academic experiences. Student-level perceived control plays an important mediating role between locus of control and self-efficacy at Time 1, and course-level perseverance, course-specific stress, and course enjoyment at Time 2.

Keywords

Locus of control, self-efficacy, life satisfaction, stress, perseverance

Discipline

Psychology

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Volume

28

Issue

4

First Page

425

Last Page

444

ISSN

1061-5806

Identifier

10.1080/10615806.2014.976761

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles

Additional URL

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10615806.2014.976761#abstract

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