Publication Type

Report

Publication Date

3-2016

Abstract

Myanmar is one of the poorest and least healthy countries in Southeast Asia. Nevertheless, population aging is taking place. Myanmar's policy makers have only begun to pay attention to the implications of population aging for its economy and society, including the health system. There is virtually no official policy or program in place to provide long-term care (LTC) for older persons. Family has thus been the mainstay of financial and instrumental support for elderly with LTC needs. Myanmar's demographic transitions likely challenge the current form of family caregiving for frail older persons, especially in the coming decades. This study aims to provide empirical evidence for a better understanding of LTC needs among Myanmar elderly and the roles that their families play in long-term caregiving. Our analysis is based on the 2012 Myanmar Aging Survey, the country's first nationally representative survey of older persons. Specifically, we examine prevalence and differentials in physical difficulties and LTC needs among Myanmar elders. Subsequently, we assess the likelihood of receiving regular assistance in daily living among sampled elderly. Furthermore, we examine the patterns of primary and secondary caregivers of older persons in Myanmar. Finally, to identify gaps in LTC for older persons, we investigate the correlates of unmet need among Myanmar elders who report needs for personal assistance as well as assess the determinants of inadequate care among care recipients. Given mounting concerns regarding health disparities among different segments of Myanmar's population, including among older persons, we pay attention to the extent to which socioeconomic differences are evident in LTC needs, care provision patterns, and gaps in LTC.

Keywords

Long-term care, population aging, Myanmar, family

Discipline

Asian Studies | Gerontology | Medicine and Health | Sociology

Research Areas

Sociology

First Page

1

Last Page

23

Publisher

Population Studies Center, University of Michigan

City or Country

Ann Arbor, MI

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://www.psc.isr.umich.edu/pubs/abs/9999

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