This article examines historical transformations of Japanese collective memory of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima by utilizing a theoretical framework that combines a model of reiterated problem solving and a theory of cultural trauma. I illustrate how the event of the nuclear fallout in March 1954 allowed actors to consolidate previously fragmented commemorative practices into a master frame to define the postwar Japanese identity in terms of transnational commemoration of "Hiroshima." I also show that nationalization of trauma of "Hiroshima" involved a shift from pity to sympathy in structures of feeling about the event. This historical study suggests that a reiterated problem-solving approach can be efficacious in analyzing how construction of national memory of a traumatic event connects with the recurrent reworking of national identity, on the one hand, and how a theory of cultural trauma can be helpful in exploring a synthesis of psychological and sociological approaches to commemoration of a traumatic event, on the other.
Emotional trauma, atomic bomb victims, history, Japan, national characteristics
Asian Studies | Peace and Conflict Studies | Sociology
American Sociological Association
SAITO, Hiro.(2006). Reiterated Commemoration: Hiroshima as National Trauma. Sociological Theory, 24(4), 353-376.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/1887
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