This article examines to what extent the Arab Spring constitutes a critical juncture – a major turning point – for the EU’s sanctions policy towards Egypt, Libya, Syria and Tunisia. Based on a multidimensional critical juncture operationalization, we find that the Arab Spring only constitutes such a turning point for the EU’s sanctions policy towards Syria. Both the level and nature of measures differ substantially from previous years. By contrast, the EU’s sanctions practice towards Libya, Egypt and Tunisia shows more resilience. More generally, changes in the nature of the measures are prominent, whereas changes in the level of the policy instruments and in underlying norms and goals are limited.
Eastern European Studies | International Relations | Near and Middle Eastern Studies | Political Science
Taylor & Francis
BOOGAERTS, Andreas, PORTELA, Clara, & DRIESKENS, Edith.(2016). One Swallow Does Not Make Spring: A Critical Juncture Perspective on the EU Sanctions in Response to the Arab Spring. Mediterranean Politics, 21(2), 205-225.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/1875
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