Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-2016

Abstract

We examined the unique effects of extraversion and agreeableness (and honesty-humility) on everyday satisfaction with family, friends, romantic life, and acquaintances, and explored potential mediators of these effects. Three diary studies (Ns = 206, 139, 185) were conducted on Singaporean university students. In Studies 1 and 2, participants rated their satisfaction with different relationship categories. In Study 3, participants rated their satisfaction and social interactions with 10 target individuals each day for a 1-week period. Both extraversion and agreeableness predicted relationship satisfaction. However, the effect of extraversion was mediated by greater levels of trust in others, whereas the effect of agreeableness was mediated by less frequent negative exchanges (e.g., criticism, perceived anger, and perceived neglect). The effect of honesty-humility on negative exchanges was similar to agreeableness. When both were entered as predictors, only the effect of honesty-humility was significant. We discuss how the processes by which personality affect relationship satisfaction vary depending on the trait as well as the particular measure that is used (IPIP NEO PI-R, California Q-Set, and IPIP-HEXACO).

Keywords

Interpersonal-Trust, 5-Factor Model, Hexaco Model, Big 5, Personality, Consequences, Construction, Perspective, Competence, Mediation

Discipline

Social Psychology

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Journal of Personality

Volume

84

Issue

1

First Page

121

Last Page

134

ISSN

1467-6494

Identifier

10.1111/jopy.12146

Publisher

Wiley

Copyright Owner and License

Authors

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12146

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