This paper presents the first quantitative analysis of gender disparities in selfemployment in urban China. It documents the extent of gender income inequality in selfemployment. By disaggregating self-employment into three occupational classes, it shows the gender segregation within self-employment—women were concentrated in the financially least rewarding segment—and identifies it as a main source of the gender income inequality. It examines a range of determinants of participation in self employment—family structure, family background, and career history—and how their gender-specific effects contributed to gender segregation. Although using data from a 1996 national survey, this study captures two key processes that shaped the structure of self-employment in contemporary urban China: the restructuring of the state sector and the growth of financial returns and social status in private sector, both of which contributed to the formation of gender segregation in self-employment.
income inequality, gender segregation, self-employment, urban China, state sector restructuring, stratification
Asian Studies | Family, Life Course, and Society | Gender and Sexuality
Cambridge University Press
ZHANG, Qian Forrest.(2013). Gender Disparities in Self-employment in Urban China's Market Transition: Income Inequality, Occupational Segregation and Mobility Processes. China Quarterly, 215, 744-763.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/1542
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