Title

Gender Disparities in Self-employment in Urban China's Market Transition: Income Inequality, Occupational Segregation and Mobility Processes

Publication Type

Journal Article

Version

Postprint

Publication Date

9-2013

Abstract

This paper presents the first quantitative analysis of gender disparities in selfemployment in urban China. It documents the extent of gender income inequality in selfemployment. By disaggregating self-employment into three occupational classes, it shows the gender segregation within self-employment—women were concentrated in the financially least rewarding segment—and identifies it as a main source of the gender income inequality. It examines a range of determinants of participation in self employment—family structure, family background, and career history—and how their gender-specific effects contributed to gender segregation. Although using data from a 1996 national survey, this study captures two key processes that shaped the structure of self-employment in contemporary urban China: the restructuring of the state sector and the growth of financial returns and social status in private sector, both of which contributed to the formation of gender segregation in self-employment.

Keywords

income inequality, gender segregation, self-employment, urban China, state sector restructuring, stratification

Discipline

Asian Studies | Family, Life Course, and Society | Gender and Sexuality

Research Areas

Sociology

Publication

China Quarterly

Volume

215

First Page

744

Last Page

763

ISSN

0305-7410

Identifier

10.1017/S030574101300074X

Publisher

Cambridge University Press

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S030574101300074X

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