Title

Why does Everybody Hate me? Balance, Status, and Homophily: The Triumvirate of Signed Tie Formation

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-2015

Abstract

Despite being one of the foundational theories of signed (positive/negative) tie formation, the evidence for balance theory is far from conclusive. A recent promising alternative is status theory, but a theoretical and explanatory gap still remains, with a dearth of theories and evidence. We put forward and test eight separate theories of signed tie formation on two face-to-face networks of friendship and esteem of 282 students. We use dimension reduction (factor analysis) on the results tables comparing the predictions of these eight theories for 50 ERGM parameters with our estimated models. We find three main paradigms explain the majority of signed network formation: balance, status, and homophily.

Keywords

Signed ties, Balance theory, Status theory, Social network, Homophily, Negative ties

Discipline

Social Media | Sociology

Research Areas

Sociology

Publication

Social Networks

Volume

40

First Page

103

Last Page

122

Identifier

10.1016/j.socnet.2014.08.002

Publisher

Elsevier

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2014.08.002