Title

National Identity and the Geo-Soul: Spiritually Mapping Siam

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2008

Abstract

This paper investigates the re-centring of religious identity within the geo-body in the developing world through the case study of Thailand, formerly Siam. Although by 1932, monarchic rule and colonial powers had demarcated the ‘geo-body’ of Siam, the national soul was not yet fully cultivated. After the fall of the absolute monarchy, Prime Minister Phibunsongkhram sought to mould the religio-national identity of Thailand until the religious community's borders coincided with those of the nation-state. One focus of nationalist leaders' efforts was the adaptation and promotion of Buddhist temples throughout the state. These temples became markers of both geographic and cosmological space, serving to infuse the geographic body with a religio-national soul. Thus, the nationalism that developed embraced the fusion of the religious identity with the national identity.

Keywords

Nationalism, national characteristics, Thailand

Discipline

Asian Studies | Political Science | Politics and Social Change

Research Areas

Political Science

Publication

Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism

Volume

8

Issue

1

First Page

120

Last Page

141

ISSN

1754-9469

Identifier

10.1111/j.1754-9469.2008.00006.x

Publisher

Wiley

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1754-9469.2008.00006.x

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