Since March 2011, Burma/Myanmar has witnessed a liberalization of the press, the release of political prisoners and the initiation of a political dialogue between the regime on the one hand and the opposition and ethnic groups on the other. The reforms culminated in by-elections on 1 April 2012, which in turn resulted in a landslide victory for Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy (NLD). Overall, political reforms in Burma/Myanmar are being initiated from “above.” They are elite-driven and stem from the president and progressive members of the military-dominated party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP).
Sanctions, Myanmar, Burma, political economy, political reforms
Asian Studies | International Relations
German Institute of Global and Area Studies
City or Country
BÜNTE, Marco and PORTELA, Clara, "Myanmar: The Beginning of Reform and the End of Sanctions" (2012). Research Collection School of Social Sciences. Paper 1176.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soss_research/1176