Title

Cultural Construction of Success and Epistemic Motives Moderate American-Chinese Differences in Reward Allocation Biases

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-2012

Abstract

When the relative contribution of the self and the group to a group success is unclear, Americans tend to exhibit a self-serving bias (rewarding the self more than what the self deserves), whereas the Chinese tend to exhibit an other-serving bias (rewarding the group more than the group deserves). In a study comparing the reward allocation biases of Americans and Chinese in different group outcome conditions, the authors showed that the abovementioned cultural difference is found (a) only for culturally congruent success experience (attaining approach goals for Americans and avoidance goals for Chinese) and (b) among individuals who are motivated by the need for cognitive closure to exhibit culturally typical responses. This finding has important implications for understanding the dynamic nature of cultural influences on social behaviors.

Keywords

self-serving bias, other-serving bias, culture, success, need for cognitive closure

Discipline

Multicultural Psychology | Personality and Social Contexts

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

Volume

43

Issue

1

First Page

46

Last Page

52

ISSN

0022-0221

Identifier

10.1177/0022022111405660

Publisher

SAGE

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022022111405660

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS