Title

The Effects of Culture and Friendship on Rewarding Honesty and Punishing Deception

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2011

Abstract

The present research explores whether the type of relationship one holds with deceptive or honest actors influences cross-cultural differences in reward and punishment. Research suggests that Americans reward honest actors more than they punish deceptive perpetrators, whereas East Asians reward and punish equally (Wang & Leung, 2010). Our research suggests that the type of relationship with the actor matters for East Asians, but not for Americans. East Asians exhibit favoritism toward their friends by rewarding more than punishing them, but reward and punish equally when the actors are strangers (Experiment 1 and 2); Americans reward more than they punish regardless of the type of relationship (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the findings were replicated when the proposed mechanism – social mobility – was manipulated within the same culture (Experiment 3). We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding how friends versus strangers are rewarded and punished in an increasingly relationally complex world.

Keywords

Reward, Punishment, Honesty, Deception, Culture, Social mobility

Discipline

Critical and Cultural Studies | Multicultural Psychology | Social Psychology

Research Areas

Psychology

Publication

Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

Volume

47

Issue

6

First Page

1295

Last Page

1299

ISSN

0022-1031

Identifier

10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011

Publisher

Elsevier

Additional URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011

Comments

[SSCI2010 Impact Factor = 2.202]

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