This paper examines the relationship between statutory duties and the common law duty of care in the tort of negligence. There are apparently divergent judicial statements on the general approach towards duty of care to be owed by persons under a statutory duty. One central question arises: should the courts treat the common law duty of care as subsisting generally unless it is excluded by the statute or must the plaintiff show that the Parliament intended to confer a private right of action or impose a common law duty? This paper argues that the two approaches may be properly accommodated within the two-stage duty of care test in Anns v Merton London Borough Council which has been applied in Canada, New Zealand and Singapore. It further discusses how statutory duties may impact on the specific elements (proximity and policy considerations) within the Anns framework. The analysis will promote greater legal coherence in this complex area of tort law and thereby assist courts to better tailor their decisions in a more consistent and principled manner.
Tort, Negligence, Duty of Care
Law, Society and Governance
Tort Law Review
Thomson Reuters (Professional)
CHAN, Gary Kok Yew.
Finding common law duty of care from statutory duties: All within the anns framework. (2017). Tort Law Review. 24, 14-33. Research Collection School Of Law.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sol_research/1828
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