Explaining Contractual Remoteness in Singapore
The Singapore Court of Appeal (the Court of Appeal) has in MFM Restaurants Pte Ltd v Fish & Co Restaurants Pte Ltd rejected Lord Hoffinann's assumption of responsibility test (articulated in The Achilleas) to determine whether damages are too remote in a contractual claim. The Court of Appeal, however, retained assumption of responsibility as a concept to explain the orthodox test for remoteness as embodied in Hadley v Baxendale. To that extent, it expressly accepted Lord Hoffmann's approach in The Achilleas in so far as the concept of assumption of responsibility is already incorporated or embodied in both limbs of the Hadley test. Two questions arise from this decision and form the scope of this comment. First, what is the actual disagreement between the Court of Appeal's more "orthodox" approach, and Lord Hoffmann's approach? Secondly -- depending on the answer to the first question -- can "assumption of responsibility" as a concept justify the Hadley test without it being the test in fact? If the scope of disagreement between the Court of Appeal and Lord Hoffmann is less than fundamental, and assumption of responsibility as a concept can explain the existing orthodox test without subverting it, then the approach adopted by the Court of Appeal may well give effect to Lord Hoffmann's approach in The Achilleas in a more practically feasible way.
Assumption of responsibility, Damages, Interpretation, Remoteness, Singapore
Asian Studies | Commercial Law
Journal of Business Law
Sweet and Maxwell
Explaining Contractual Remoteness in Singapore. (2011). Journal of Business Law. , 282-290. Research Collection School Of Law.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sol_research/1365
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