The Legal Status of Taiwan in United State Courts
In 1979, the United States government terminated its official relations with the Republic of China and switched recognition to the People's Republic of China. In the same year, the United States Congress passed the Taiwan Relations Act (TRA) with the aim of protecting Taiwan from negative legal consequences which may stem from the withdrawal of recognition. After nearly thirty years, U.S. courts have established the principle of treating the TRA as the legal basis in dealing with the status of Taiwan. The courts have consistently considered Taiwan as a state regardless of the U.S. government’s termination of diplomatic ties. Hence, Taiwan has been able to possess state status under U.S. law, invoke the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and the act of state principle, retain its state assets in the United States, and assert an independent legal status from China under treaty obligations. The jurisprudence established by U.S. courts not only respects Taiwan's state status and sovereignty, but also exerts a positive impact on Taiwan-U.S. relations.
Taiwan, Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the US, Recognition, Succession, Foreign Sovereign Immunity Act, Act of Sate, R.O.C.-U.S. FCN Treaty, Warsaw Convention, San Francisco Peace Treaty
Asian Studies | Law and Economics | Law and Politics | Transnational Law
Law of Transnational Business
Taiwan International Law Quarterly [臺灣國際法季刊]
台灣國際法學會, Tai wan guo ji fa xue hui
HSIEH, Pasha L..
The Legal Status of Taiwan in United State Courts. (2009). Taiwan International Law Quarterly [臺灣國際法季刊]. 6, (2), 53-84. Research Collection School Of Law.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sol_research/1139