Tissue Microarray Molecular Profiling of Early, Node-Negative Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum: A Comprehensive Analysis
Purpose: Early-stage adenocarcinoma of the rectum treated with curative intent has a favorable overall prognosis; however, 20%-30% of the patients recur, and the majority ultimately die of disease. Recurrence and tumor-related mortality may be attributable to molecular abnormalities in primary tumors accounting for their more aggressive biological behavior. This study evaluates such molecular phenotypes with regard to cell cycle regulation and proliferation and determines their significance for patient outcome. Experimental Design: One hundred patients with primary T2-3, N0 adenocarcinoma of the rectum uniformly treated by surgery alone were studied. Core biopsies of pathological specimens were assembled on tissue microarrays, and expression of p53, mdm-2, p21, Bcl-2, p27, cyclin D1, and Ki-67 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry. Molecular profiles were correlated with disease-free (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Results: Despite previously described prognostic relevance of some of the investigated molecules in analyses where different stages of colorectal cancer were included, none of the cell cycle-regulatory or proliferation-related markers was associated with recurrence or survival. However, patients with tumors demonstrating down-regulation of p27, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor and tumor suppressor gene associated with development of metastases, showed a trend toward reduced DFS and DSS (P = 0.06 and P = 0.07, respectively). Conclusions: In this homogeneous group of patients with early-stage, node-negative adenocarcinoma of the rectum uniformly treated by surgery alone, the investigated cell cycle-regulatory and proliferation-associated proteins appear to have no prognostic significance. However, down-regulation of p27 appears to be associated with a trend toward reduced DFS and DSS, which suggests further investigation of other p27-related pathways potentially relevant for metastatic disease.
Econometrics | Medicine and Health Sciences
Clinical Cancer Research
Association for Cancer Research
Hoos, A.; Nissan, A.; Stojadinovic, A.; Shia, J.; Hedvat, C.; and Leung, Denis H. Y..
Tissue Microarray Molecular Profiling of Early, Node-Negative Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum: A Comprehensive Analysis. (2002). Clinical Cancer Research. 8, (12), 3841-3849. Research Collection School Of Economics.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soe_research/479