Hurthle Cell Carcinoma: A 60 Year Experience
The aim of this study was to define the clinical behavior and prognostic indicators of outcome in Hürthle cell cancer (HCC). Methods: Diagnosis was confirmed for 56 patients with HCC treated between 1940 and 2000, who form the basis of this study. Primary end points were relapse-free survival (RFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). Data were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier method and by log-rank test. Results: The extent of thyroid resection did not predict outcome. Recurrence was a significant predictor of tumor-related mortality. Significant adverse predictors of RFS and DSS were degree of invasion, size >4 cm, extrathyroidal extension, and initial nodal or distant metastases. The most significant predictor of outcome was extent of invasion. Eight-year RFS values for low- and high-risk groups were 100% and 24%. Corresponding rates of 8-year DSS were 100% and 58%. Conclusions: Widely invasive HCC is an aggressive malignancy that identifies patients who are at high risk for recurrence and tumor-related death. Patients with HCC have a prognosis that is reliably predicted by degree of invasion, tumor size, extrathyroidal disease extension, and initial nodal or distant metastasis. Recurrence portends a poor outcome. High-risk patients and those with recurrence should be considered for adjuvant therapy.
Econometrics | Medicine and Health Sciences
Annals of Surgical Oncology
Lippincott Wiliams and Wilkins
Stojadinovic, A.; Hoos, A.; Ghossein, R. A.; Urist, M. J.; Leung, Denis H. Y.; and Spiro, R.H..
Hurthle Cell Carcinoma: A 60 Year Experience. (2002). Annals of Surgical Oncology. 9, (2), 197-203. Research Collection School Of Economics.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soe_research/464