Title

A brief survey of density forecasting in macroeconomics

Publication Type

Magazine Article

Publication Date

10-2015

Abstract

A density forecast of an economic variable is an estimate of the conditional probability density function (p.d.f.) of the possible future values of that variable. For example, a density forecaster might say something like “based on current information, GDP growth over the next year is expected to be normally distributed with mean 3% and standard deviation 0.5%”. A density forecast therefore provides a complete probabilistic description of the possible future realisations of a variable, given some information set. It is a generalisation of the more common point forecast (“GDP growth over the next year is expected to be 3%”) and interval forecast (“GDP growth over the next year is expected to be between 4% and 5%”). This Special Feature presents a brief survey of density forecasting in macroeconomics. It describes density forecasts, and how they can be constructed, presented, evaluated and used. We will begin with a discussion of some of the disadvantages of point and interval forecasts, and some of the benefits of density forecasts. We look at some examples of density forecasts that are already in regular use, and discuss how such forecasts can be evaluated. Finally, we highlight some of the difficulties and challenges of density forecasting.

Keywords

Macroeconomics, economic growth, economic forecasting, density forecasting

Discipline

Econometrics | Macroeconomics

Research Areas

Econometrics

Publication

Macroeconomic Review

First Page

92

Last Page

97

ISSN

0219-8908

Publisher

Monetary Authority of Singapore

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://www.mas.gov.sg/Monetary-Policy-and-Economics/Education-and-Research/Research/Economics-Essays-MR-special-features/2015/A-Brief-Survey-Of-Density-Forecasting-In-Macroeconomics.aspx