Title

Unit Root and Cointegrating Limit Theory When Initialization is in the Infinite Past

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-2009

Abstract

It is well known that unit root limit distributions are sensitive to initial conditions in the distant past. If the distant past initialization is extended to the infinite past, the initial condition dominates the limit theory, producing a faster rate of convergence, a limiting Cauchy distribution for the least squares coefficient, and a limit normal distribution for the t-ratio. This amounts to the tail of the unit root process wagging the dog of the unit root limit theory. These simple results apply in the case of a univariate autoregression with no intercept. The limit theory for vector unit root regression and cointegrating regression is affected but is no longer dominated by infinite past initializations. The latter contribute to the limiting distribution of the least squares estimator and produce a singularity in the limit theory, but do not change the principal rate of convergence. Usual cointegrating regression theory and inference continue to hold in spite of the degeneracy in the limit theory and are therefore robust to initial conditions that extend to the infinite past.

Keywords

Time-series regression, Statistical - inference, Integrated Processes, Weak - Convergence, Tests, Asymptotics Systems, Trend

Discipline

Econometrics

Research Areas

Econometrics

Publication

Econometric Theory

Volume

25

Issue

6

First Page

1682

Last Page

1715

ISSN

0266-4666

Identifier

10.1017/S0266466609990296

Publisher

Cambridge University Press (CUP): HSS Journals

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