The quasi-maximum likelihood (QML) method is popular in the estimation and inference for spatial regression models. However, the QML estimators (QMLEs) of the spatial parameters can be quite biased and hence the standard inferences for the regression coefficients (based on t-ratios) can be seriously affected. This issue, however, has not been addressed. The QMLEs of the spatial parameters can be bias-corrected based on the general method of Yang (2015b, J. of Econometrics 186, 178-200). In this paper, we demonstrate that by simply replacing the QMLEs of the spatial parameters by their bias-corrected versions, the usual t-ratios for the regression coefficients can be greatly improved. We propose further corrections on the standard errors of the QMLEs of the regression coefficients, and the resulted t-ratios perform superbly, leading to much more reliable inferences.
Asymptotic inference, Bias correction, Bootstrap, Improved t-ratio, Monte Carlo, Spatial layout, Stochastic expansion, Variance correction
Regional Science and Urban Economics
LIU, Shew Fan and YANG, Zhenlin.
Improved Inferences for Spatial Regression Models. (2015). Regional Science and Urban Economics. 55, 55-67. Research Collection School Of Economics.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soe_research/1786
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