Publication Type

Working Paper

Publication Date

12-2015

Abstract

This paper provides a quantitative analysis of gains from trade for China over the period of 1995-2004, which was when China's openness drastically improved. We decompose gains from trade in two ways. First, we disentangle pro-competitive effects from a traditional Ricardian effect. Second, we separate the effect due to tariff reductions from that due to reductions in non-tariff trade costs. Our quantitative analysis shows that the pro-competitive effects account for 25.4% of the total welfare gains from trade, whereas the allocative efficiency alone accounts for 22.3%. We also find that tariff reductions account for about 31.6% of reductions of overall trade costs, whereas the associated relative contribution to overall gains is slightly larger at 39.6%. In our multi-sector analysis, we find that when a sectoral markup is higher in 1995, there tends to be a larger reduction in the respective sectoral trade cost between 1995 and 2004, a tendency that is generally welfare improving. One methodological advantage of this paper's quantitative framework is that its application is not constrained by industrial or product classifications, and so it can be applied to countries of any size.

Discipline

Asian Studies | International Economics

Research Areas

International Economics

First Page

1

Last Page

52

Publisher

Singapore Management University, School of Economics

City or Country

Singapore

Copyright Owner and License

Authors

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Comments

SMU Economics and Statistics Working Paper Series, Paper No. 13-2015

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