Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2-2014

Abstract

We investigate whether the effects of parents’ in utero malnutrition extend to the second generation (their children). Specifically, we explore whether the second generation’s level of schooling is negatively impacted by their parents’ malnutrition in utero, using the China Famine as a natural experiment. We find that, the impact of mother’s in utero malnutrition due to the Famine reduced second generation male and female entrance into junior secondary school by about 5–7 percentage points. We measure famine severity with provincial excess death rates instrumented by measures of adverse climate conditions, which corrects for possible biases induced by measurement errors and omitted variables. Our findings indicate the existence of an important second-generation multiplier of policies that support the nutrition of pregnant women and infants in any country where nutritional deficiencies remain today.

Keywords

fetal origin, malnutrition, schooling, Barker hypothesis, China Famine

Discipline

Asian Studies | Economics | Medicine and Health Sciences

Research Areas

Applied Microeconomics

Publication

World Development

Volume

54

First Page

232

Last Page

242

ISSN

0305-750X

Identifier

10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.08.007

Publisher

Elsevier

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.08.007

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