Title

Finite-Sample Analysis of Misspecificaton in Simultaneous Equation Models

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1980

Abstract

This article examines the effects of misspecification on the exact sampling distributions of the k-class estimators of a single equation in a simultaneous equations model. The analysis focuses on the effects of excluding relevant exogenous variables. The misspecification may occur in either the estimated equation itself or in the other equations in the system. Exact expressions and large-concentration parameter asymptotic expansions are stated and analyzed for the bias and mean squared error (MSE) of the k-class estimators in the case of two included endogenous variables. The results in the article suggest that ordinary least squares (OLS) will often be preferable to two-stage least squares (2SLS) when misspecification is a serious possibility; the relative insensitivity of OLS to specification error outweighs its disadvantage in terms of bias and MSE in the correctly specified case. Further, when relevant exogenous variables are omitted from the estimated equation but not from the system, the entire k class, for nonstochastic k (0 ≤ k ≤ 1), is dominated in terms of asymptotic MSE by either OLS or 2SLS.

Discipline

Econometrics

Research Areas

Econometrics

Publication

Journal of the American Statistical Association

Volume

75

Issue

370

First Page

418

Last Page

427

ISSN

0162-1459

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Additional URL

http://www.jstor.org/stable/2287470

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