Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

5-2012

Abstract

We propose two distinct approaches to the measurement of industry upstreamness (or average distance from final use) and show that they yield an equivalent measure. Furthermore, we provide two additional interpretations of this measure, one of them related to the concept of forward linkages. We construct this measure for 426 industries using the 2002 US input-output Tables. We also construct our measure using data from selected countries in the OECD STAN database. Finally, we present an application of our measure that explores the determinants of the average upstreamness of exports at the country level using trade flows for 2002.

Keywords

Transactional Relationships, Contracts and Reputation, Networks

Discipline

Economics | Growth and Development

Research Areas

International Economics

Publication

American Economic Review

Volume

102

Issue

3

First Page

412

Last Page

416

ISSN

0002-8282

Identifier

10.1257/aer.102.3.412

Publisher

American Economic Association

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1257/aer.102.3.412

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