Title

Extension of three-arm non-inferiority studies to trials with multiple new treatments.

Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-2012

Abstract

Non-inferiority (NI) trials are becoming increasingly popular. The main purpose of NI trials is to assert the efficacy of a new treatment compared with an active control by demonstrating that the new treatment maintains a substantial fraction of the treatment effect of the control. Most of the statistical testing procedures in this area have been developed for three-arm NI trials in which a new treatment is compared with an active control in the presence of a placebo. However, NI trials frequently involve comparisons of several new treatments with a control, such as in studies involving different doses of a new drug or different combinations of several new drugs. In seeking an adequate testing procedure for such cases, we use a new approach that modifies existing testing procedures to cover circumstances in which several new treatments are present. We also give methods and algorithms to produce the optimal sample size configuration. In addition, we also discuss the advantages of using different margins for the assay sensitivity test between the active control and the placebo and the NI test between the new treatments and the active control. We illustrate the new approach by using data from a clinical trial.

Keywords

three-arm design, non-inferiority trial, control treatment, placebo, familywise error rate, assay sensitivity, pre-specified non-inferiority margin

Discipline

Econometrics | Health Economics

Research Areas

Econometrics

Publication

Statistics in Medicine

Volume

31

Issue

24

First Page

2833

Last Page

2843

ISSN

1097-0258

Identifier

10.1002/sim.5467

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22744965

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