Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

9-2011

Abstract

This paper re-examines the GATT/WTO membership effect on bilateral trade flows, using nonparametric methods including pair-matching, permutation tests, and a Rosenbaum (2002) sensitivity analysis. Together, these methods provide an estimation framework that is robust to misspecification bias, allows general forms of heterogeneous membership effects, and addresses potential hidden selection bias. This is in contrast to most conventional parametric studies on this issue. Our results suggest large GATT/WTO trade-promoting effects that are robust to various restricted matching criteria, alternative GATT/WTO indicators, non-random incidence of positive trade flows, inclusion of multilateral resistance terms, and different matching methodologies.

Keywords

Trade flow, Treatment effect, Matching, Permutation test, Signedrank test, Sensitivity analysis

Discipline

International Economics

Research Areas

International Economics

Publication

Journal of International Economics

Volume

85

Issue

1

First Page

53

Last Page

71

ISSN

0022-1996

Identifier

10.1016/j.jinteco.2011.05.011

Publisher

Elsevier

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinteco.2011.05.011

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