We investigate how the link between individual schooling and political participation is a ected by country characteristics. Using individual survey data, we nd that political participation is more responsive to schooling in land-abundant countries, and less responsive in human capital-abundant countries, even while controlling for country political institutions and cultural attitudes. We propose an explanation that centers on how individuals allocate the use of their human capital. A relative abundance of land (used primarily in the least skill-intensive sector) or a scarcity of aggregate hu- man capital increases both the level of political participation and its responsiveness to schooling, by lowering the opportunity cost of production income foregone. We nd related evidence that political participation is less responsive to schooling in countries with a higher skill premium, as well as within countries for individuals engaged in skilled occupations, suggesting that these patterns are indeed in uenced by the opportunity cost of engaging in political rather than production activities. We ar- gue that this framework can provide a joint explanation for patterns of political participation at the individual level and di erences in public investment in education at the country level.
Education, Human capital, Political participation, Voting, Factor endowments, Skill Premium, Culture, State provision of schooling
Behavioral Economics | Economics
Review of Economics and Statistics
CAMPANTE, Filipe R. and CHOR, Davin.
Schooling, Political Participation, and the Economy. (2012). Review of Economics and Statistics. 94, (4), 841-859. Research Collection School Of Economics.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soe_research/1330
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