This paper examines the effect of targets' participation in tax shelters on takeover premiums in mergers and acquisitions. Using a novel data set in which targets disclose that they have not participated in tax shelters, we find that targets that make this statement in their merger filings are associated with 4.6 percent higher takeover premiums, on average. These findings suggest that acquirers are concerned about the potential future liabilities when targets have engaged in tax sheltering. Consistent with this interpretation, the results also indicate that the positive association between targets' nonsheltering disclosure and acquisition premiums is stronger for less tax-aggressive acquirers. This paper demonstrates the importance of targets' aggressive tax positions in the determination of premiums offered to targets' shareholders.
tax sheltering, new evidence, non-sheltering status, target non-participation, tax shelter, tax avoidance
Accounting | Corporate Finance
Financial Performance Analysis
Contemporary Accounting Research
Canadian Academic Accounting Association
CHOW, Travis K.; KLASSEN, Kenneth J.; and LIU, Yanju.
Targets Tax Shelter Participation and Takeover Premiums. (2016). Contemporary Accounting Research. 1-33. Research Collection School Of Accountancy.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/soa_research/1510
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