Applying Scenario-Based Design and Claims Analysis to the Design of a Digital Library of Geography Examination Resources

Yin-Leng Theng
Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Nanyang Technological University
Ee Peng LIM, Singapore Management University
Zehua Liu
Ming Yin
Natalie Lee-San Pang
Patricia Bao-Bao Wong


This paper describes the application of Carroll’s scenario-based design and claims analysis as a means of refinement to the initial design of a digital library of geographical resources (GeogDL) to prepare Singapore students to take a national examination in geography. GeogDL is built on top of G-Portal, a digital library providing services over geospatial and georeferenced Web content. Beyond improving the initial design of GeogDL, a main contribution of the paper is making explicit the use of Carroll’s strong theory-based but undercapitalized scenario-based design and claims analysis that inspired recommendations for the refinement of GeogDL. The paper concludes with an overview of the implementation of some of the recommendations identified in the study to address usability and usefulness design issues in GeogDL, and discusses implications of the findings in relation to geospatial digital libraries in general.