Publication Type

Conference Proceeding Article

Publication Date

4-2017

Abstract

Singapore's "smart city" agenda is driving the government to provide public access to a broader variety of urban informatics sources, such as images from traffic cameras and information about buses servicing different bus stops. Such informatics data serves as probes of evolving conditions at different spatiotemporal scales. This paper explores how such multi-modal informatics data can be used to establish the normal operating conditions at different city locations, and then apply appropriate outlier-based analysis techniques to identify anomalous events at these selected locations. We will introduce the overall architecture of sociophysical analytics, where such infrastructural data sources can be combined with social media analytics to not only detect such anomalous events, but also localize and explain them. Using the annual Formula-1 race as our candidate event, we demonstrate a key difference between the discriminative capabilities of different sensing modes: while social media streams provide discriminative signals during or prior to the occurrence of such an event, urban informatics data can often reveal patterns that have higher persistence, including before and after the event. In particular, we shall demonstrate how combining data from (i) publicly available Tweets, (ii) crowd levels aboard buses, and (iii) traffic cameras can help identify the Formula-1 driven anomalies, across different spatiotemporal boundaries

Keywords

Multi-Modal Sensing, Urban Analytics, Information Fusion, Event Detection

Discipline

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics | Databases and Information Systems | Software Engineering

Research Areas

Intelligent Systems and Decision Analytics

Publication

Proceedings of SPIE: 8th Ground/Air Multisensor Interoperability, Integration, and Networking for Persistent ISR, Anaheim, United States, 2017 April 10-13

Volume

10190

First Page

1

Last Page

14

ISBN

9781510608818

Identifier

10.1117/12.2262404

Publisher

SPIE

City or Country

Bellingham, WA

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org./10.1117/12.2262404