Fast approximate nearest neighbor (ANN) search technique for high-dimensional feature indexing and retrieval is the crux of large-scale image retrieval. A recent promising technique is product quantization, which attempts to index high-dimensional image features by decomposing the feature space into a Cartesian product of low-dimensional subspaces and quantizing each of them separately. Despite the promising results reported, their quantization approach follows the typical hard assignment of traditional quantization methods, which may result in large quantization errors, and thus, inferior search performance. Unlike the existing approaches, in this paper, we propose a novel approach called sparse product quantization (SPQ) to encoding the high-dimensional feature vectors into sparse representation. We optimize the sparse representations of the feature vectors by minimizing their quantization errors, making the resulting representation is essentially close to the original data in practice. Experiments show that the proposed SPQ technique is not only able to compress data, but also an effective encoding technique. We obtain state-of-the-art results for ANN search on four public image datasets and the promising results of content-based image retrieval further validate the efficacy of our proposed method.
Approximate nearest neighbor (ANN) search, image retrieval, product quantization, sparse representation
Databases and Information Systems
Data Management and Analytics
IEEE Transactions on Multimedia
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
NING, Qingqun; ZHU, Jianke; ZHONG, Zhiyuan; HOI, Steven C. H.; and CHEN, Chun.
Scalable image retrieval by sparse product quantization. (2017). IEEE Transactions on Multimedia. 19, (3), 586-597. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/3693
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