Publication Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

5-2015

Abstract

In an urban city, its transportation network supports efficient flow of people between different parts of the city. Failures in the network can cause major disruptions to commuter and business activities which can result in both significant economic and time losses. In this paper, we investigate the use of centrality measures to determine critical nodes in a transportation network so as to improve the design of the network as well as to devise plans for coping with the network failures. Most centrality measures in social network analysis research unfortunately consider only topological structure of the network and are oblivious of transportation factors. This paper proposes new centrality measures that incorporate travel time delay and commuter flow volume. We apply the proposed measures on the Singapore’s subway network involving 89 stations and about 2 million commuter trips per day, and compare them with traditional topology based centrality measures. Several interesting insights about the network are derived from the new measures. We further develop a visual analytics tool to explore the different centrality measures and their changes over time.

Keywords

Network centrality Commuter flow centrality Delay flow centrality Visual analytics Transportation network

Discipline

Computer and Systems Architecture | OS and Networks | Systems Architecture

Research Areas

Data Management and Analytics

Publication

Applications of Social Media and Social Network Analysis

Editor

P. Kazienko and N. Chawla

First Page

23

Last Page

39

ISBN

9783319190020

Identifier

10.1007/978-3-319-19003-7_2

Publisher

Springer International Publishing

Copyright Owner and License

Springer International Publishing Switzerland

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org./10.1007/978-3-319-19003-7_2

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