Publication Type

Journal Article



Publication Date



With the booming popularity of online social networks like Twitter and Weibo, online user footprints are accumulating rapidly on the social web. Simultaneously, the question of how to leverage the large-scale user-generated social media data for personal credit scoring comes into the sight of both researchers and practitioners. It has also become a topic of great importance and growing interest in the P2P lending industry. However, compared with traditional financial data, heterogeneous social data presents both opportunities and challenges for personal credit scoring. In this article, we seek a deep understanding of how to learn users’ credit labels from social data in a comprehensive and efficient way. Particularly, we explore the social-data-based credit scoring problem under the micro-blogging setting for its open, simple, and real-time nature. To identify credit-related evidence hidden in social data, we choose to conduct an analytical and empirical study on a large-scale dataset from Weibo, the largest and most popular tweet-style website in China. Summarizing results from existing credit scoring literature, we first propose three social-data-based credit scoring principles as guidelines for in-depth exploration. In addition, we glean six credit-related insights arising from empirical observations of the testbed dataset. Based on the proposed principles and insights, we extract prediction features mainly from three categories of users’ social data, including demographics, tweets, and networks. To harness this broad range of features, we put forward a two-tier stacking and boosting enhanced ensemble learning framework. Quantitative investigation of the extracted features shows that online social media data does have good potential in discriminating good credit users from bad. Furthermore, we perform experiments on the real-world Weibo dataset consisting of more than 7.3 million tweets and 200,000 users whose credit labels are known through our third-party partner. Experimental results show that (i) our approach achieves a roughly 0.625 AUC value with all the proposed social features as input, and (ii) our learning algorithm can outperform traditional credit scoring methods by as much as 17% for social-data-based personal credit scoring


Consumer finance, Features, P2P lending, Personal credit scoring, Social data, User profiling


Databases and Information Systems | Digital Communications and Networking | Social Media

Research Areas

Data Management and Analytics


ACM Transactions on the Web











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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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