Publication Type

Conference Proceeding Article

Publication Date

10-2016

Abstract

We describe the design and implementation of xD-Track, the first practical Wi-Fi based device-free localization system that employs a simultaneous and joint estimation of time-of-flight, angle-of-arrival, angle-of-departure, and Doppler shift to fully characterize the wireless channel between a sender and receiver. Using this full characterization, xD-Track introduces novel methods to measure and isolate the signal path that reflects off a person of interest, allowing it to localize a human with just a single pair of access points, or a single client-access point pair. Searching the multiple dimensions to accomplish the above is highly computationally burdensome, so xD-Track introduces novel methods to prune computational requirements, making our approach suitable for real-time person tracking. We implement xD-Track on the WARP software-defined radio platform and evaluate in a cluttered office environment. Experiments tracking people moving indoors demonstrate a 230% angle-of-arrival accuracy improvement and a 98% end-to-end tracking accuracy improvement over the state of the art localization scheme SpotFi, adapted for device-free localization. The general platform we propose can be easily extended for other applications including gesture recognition and Wi-Fi imaging to significantly improve performance.

Discipline

Computer Sciences | Software Engineering

Research Areas

Software and Cyber-Physical Systems

Publication

HotWireless '16: Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Hot Topics in Wireless: New York, October 3-7, 2016

First Page

39

Last Page

43

ISBN

9781450342513

Identifier

10.1145/2980115.2980127

Publisher

ACM

City or Country

New York

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1145/2980115.2980127

Share

COinS