Publication Type

Conference Proceeding Article

Publication Date

12-2016

Abstract

Device-free localization, which does not require any device attached to the target is playing a critical role in many applications such as intrusion detection, elderly monitoring, etc. This paper introduces D-Watch, a device-free system built on top of low cost commodity-off-the-shelf (COTS) RFID hardware. Unlike previous works which consider multipaths detrimental, D-Watch leverages the "bad" multipaths to provide a decimeter level localization accuracy without offline training. D-Watch harnesses the angle-of-arrival (AoA) information from the RFID tags' backscatter signals. The key intuition is that whenever a target blocks a signal's propagation path, the signal power experiences a drop which can be accurately captured by the proposed novel P-MUSIC algorithm. The wireless phase calibration scheme proposed does not interrupt the ongoing communication. Real-world experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of D-Watch. In a rich-multipath library environment, D-Watch can localize a human target at a median accuracy of 16.5 cm. In a table area of 2 m×2 m, D-Watch can track a user's fist at a median accuracy of 5.8 cm. D-Watch is capable of localizing multiple targets which is well known to be challenging in passive localization

Keywords

music, aoa, device-free localization, multipath

Discipline

Computer Sciences | Software Engineering

Research Areas

Software and Cyber-Physical Systems

Publication

CoNEXT '16: Proceedings of the 12th International on Conference on emerging Networking EXperiments and Technologies: Irvine, CA, December 12-15, 2016

First Page

253

Last Page

266

ISBN

9781450342926

Identifier

10.1145/2999572.2999589

Publisher

ACM

City or Country

New York

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1145/2999572.2999589

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