Publication Type

Conference Proceeding Article

Publication Date

1-2016

Abstract

We consider the problem of trajectory prediction, where a trajectory is an ordered sequence of location visits and corresponding timestamps. The problem arises when an agent makes sequential decisions to visit a set of spatial locations of interest. Each location bears a stochastic utility and the agent has a limited budget to spend. Given the agent's observed partial trajectory, our goal is to predict the agent's remaining trajectory. We propose a solution framework to the problem that incorporates both the stochastic utility of each location and the budget constraint. We first cluster the agents into groups of homogeneous behaviors called "agent types". Depending on its type, each agent's trajectory is then transformed into a discrete-state sequence representation. Based on such representations, we use reinforcement learning (RL) to model the underlying decision processes and inverse RL to learn the utility distributions of the spatial locations. We finally propose two decision models to make predictions: one is based on long-term optimal planning of RL and another uses myopic heuristics. We apply the framework to predict real-world human trajectories collected in a large theme park and are able to explain the underlying processes of the observed actions.

Discipline

Artificial Intelligence and Robotics | Computer Sciences | Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing

Research Areas

Intelligent Systems and Decision Analytics

Publication

ECAI 2016: 22nd European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 29 August-2 September 2016, The Hague

Volume

285

First Page

347

Last Page

354

ISBN

9781614996712

Identifier

10.3233/978-1-61499-672-9-347

Publisher

IOS Press

City or Country

Amsterdam

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.3233/978-1-61499-672-9-347

Comments

Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Share

COinS