Conference Proceeding Article
We are increasingly reliant on cellular data services for many types of day-to-day activities, from hailing a cab, to searching for nearby restaurants. Geo-location has become a ubiquitous feature that underpins the functionality of such applications. Network operators can also benefit from accurate mobile terminal localization in order to quickly detect and identify location-related network performance issues, such as coverage holes and congestion, based on mobile measurements. Current implementations of mobile localization on the wildly-popular Android platform depend on either the Global Positioning System (GPS), Android's Network Location Provider (NLP), or a combination of both. In this paper, we extensively study the performance of such systems, in terms of its localization accuracy. We show through real-world measurements that the performance of GPS+NLP is heavily dependent on the mobility of the user, and its gains on localization performance is minimal, and often even detrimental, especially for network round-trip delays up to 1s. Building upon these findings, we evaluate the efficacy of using Tattle, a cooperative local measurement-exchange system, and propose Delay-Adjusted U-CURE, a clustering algorithm that greatly improves the localization performance of both GPS-only, and GPS+NLP techniques, without keeping expensive system states, nor requiring any location anchors nor additional instrumentation, nor any external knowledge that is not available programmatically to application designers. Our results are promising, demonstrating that median location accuracy improvements of over 30% is achievable with just 3 co-located devices, and close to 60% with just 6 co-located devices. These findings can be used by operators to better manage their networks, or by application designers to improve their location-based services.
Global Positioning System, Performance evaluation, Smart phones, Mobile communication, Delays, Mobile computing, Participatory sensing, Cellular network management, Cellular delay measurement
Computer Sciences | Software Engineering
Software and Cyber-Physical Systems
Proceedings of the NOMS 2016: 2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium, April 25-29, 2016, Istanbul, Turkey
City or Country
LIANG, Huiguang; KIM, Hyong S.; Hwee-Pink TAN; and YEOW, Wai-Leong.
Where am I? Characterizing and improving the localization performance of off-the-shelf mobile devices through cooperation. (2016). Proceedings of the NOMS 2016: 2016 IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium, April 25-29, 2016, Istanbul, Turkey. 375-382. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/3329
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.