Publication Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-2017

Abstract

We address the problem of transferring bulk data in environmentally-powered wireless sensor networks where duty cycle compliance is critical for their uninterrupted operation. We propose Pump-and-Nap, a packet train forwarding technique that maximizes throughput while simultaneously enforcing compliance to dynamic duty cycle limitations. A node using Pump-and-Nap operates by pumping a train of packets followed by a napping period where the node forgoes any transmission. Pump-and-Nap employs an adaptive controller to periodically compute the optimal capacity, that is, the maximum number of packets a node can receive and transmit in a train, given its duty cycle constraint. The controller uses prior input-output observations (capacity allocations and their corresponding duty cycle usage) to continuously tune its performance and adapt to wireless link quality variations. Its use of local information makes the controller easily deployable in a distributed fashion. We implemented Pump-and-Nap in TinyOS and evaluated its performance through experiments and testbed simulations. Results show that Pump-and-Nap provides high transfer throughput while it simultaneously tracks the target duty cycle. More importantly, Pump-and-Nap enables sustainable bulk transfer compared to state-of-the-art techniques that greedily maximize throughput at the expense of downtime due to energy depletion.

Keywords

Bulk transfer, Energy-harvesting Adaptive control, Dynamic duty cycling, Sensor network

Discipline

Computer Sciences | Software Engineering

Research Areas

Software and Cyber-Physical Systems

Publication

Ad Hoc Networks

Volume

54

First Page

85

Last Page

98

ISSN

1570-8705

Identifier

10.1016/j.adhoc.2016.10.008

Publisher

Elsevier

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Additional URL

http://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2016.10.008

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