Image denoising is a fundamental problem in computer vision and image processing that holds considerable practical importance for real-world applications. The traditional patch-based and sparse coding-driven image denoising methods convert 2D image patches into 1D vectors for further processing. Thus, these methods inevitably break down the inherent 2D geometric structure of natural images. To overcome this limitation pertaining to the previous image denoising methods, we propose a 2D image denoising model, namely, the dictionary pair learning (DPL) model, and we design a corresponding algorithm called the DPL on the Grassmann-manifold (DPLG) algorithm. The DPLG algorithm first learns an initial dictionary pair (i.e., the left and right dictionaries) by employing a subspace partition technique on the Grassmann manifold, wherein the refined dictionary pair is obtained through a sub-dictionary pair merging. The DPLG obtains a sparse representation by encoding each image patch only with the selected sub-dictionary pair. The non-zero elements of the sparse representation are further smoothed by the graph Laplacian operator to remove the noise. Consequently, the DPLG algorithm not only preserves the inherent 2D geometric structure of natural images but also performs manifold smoothing in the 2D sparse coding space. We demonstrate that the DPLG algorithm also improves the structural SIMilarity values of the perceptual visual quality for denoised images using the experimental evaluations on the benchmark images and Berkeley segmentation data sets. Moreover, the DPLG also produces the competitive peak signal-to-noise ratio values from popular image denoising algorithms.
Image denoising, dictionary pair, 2D sparse coding, Grassmann manifold, smoothing, graph Laplacian operator
Databases and Information Systems | Graphics and Human Computer Interfaces | Theory and Algorithms
Data Management and Analytics
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ZENG, Xianhua; BIAN, Wei; LIU, Wei; SHEN, Jialie; and TAO, Dacheng.
Dictionary Pair Learning on Grassmann Manifolds for Image Denoising. (2015). IEEE Transactions on Image Processing. 24, (11), 4556-4569. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/3165
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