Smartphones and BLE Services: Empirical Insights
Conference Proceeding Article
Driven by the rapid market growth of sensors and beacons that offer Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) based connectivity, this paper empirically investigates the performance characteristics of the BLE interface on multiple Android smartphones, and the consequent impact on a proposed BLE-based service: continuous indoor location. We first use extensive measurement studies with multiple Android devices to establish that the BLE interface on current smartphones is not as "low-energy" as nominally expected, and establish that continuous use of such a BLE interface is not feasible unless we choose a moderately large scan interval and a low duty cycle. We then explore the implications of such constraints, on the parameters of a smart phone's BLE stack, on the accuracy of a BLE-based indoor localization techniques. We show that while RF-based indoor location can be highly accurate (80% of estimates have errors less than or equal to 4 meters) for stationary users only if the density of beacons is high, the combination of (large scan interval, low duty cycle) causes the location error to degrade significantly for moving users. These results provide practical insights into the use cases and limitations for future BLE-based mobile services.
Sensors, beacons, smartphones, Bluetooth Low Energy, Android, mobile services
Computer Sciences | Software Engineering
Software and Cyber-Physical Systems
IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems MASS 2015: October 19-22, Dallas, Texas: Proceedings
City or Country
MEERALAKSHMI RADHAKRISHNAN; MISRA, Archan; BALAN, Rajesh Krishna; and LEE, Youngki.
Smartphones and BLE Services: Empirical Insights. (2015). IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems MASS 2015: October 19-22, Dallas, Texas: Proceedings. 226-234. Research Collection School Of Information Systems.
Available at: http://ink.library.smu.edu.sg/sis_research/3119